Lascaux 21 – coming around full circle  /   2019 Franz Gnaedinger



writing for brave young readers / young Ferdinand de Saussure and Richard Fester / a word on apperception and 'fulguration' / Arnaud again / answering a question about Damascus and Saytan / Czech visoky 'high' again / Nostratic / Stone Age cosmology / Magdalenian song / hypothesis and theory / briefest possible summary of Homers Odyssey / dream logic / Kadesh Barnea / ark of the covenant, mercy seat, lunar and solar aspect / 'molten sea' / qodesh formula / fair history of civilization / mother of all life




--- writing for brave young readers


Believers in the ruling paradigm can't be  convinced of a new approach (Thomas S. Kuhn). I write for brave young readers who might find my messages in an archive.


You can train the Magdalenian look on language by compiling a list of derivatives of a Magdalenian word, for example DhAG meaning able, good in the sense of able, with a wide range of derivatives


(1) from Greek theos and Latin deus (well compatible in Magdalenian), Sumerian dingir announcing a deity (with a nasal infix), and the supreme Celtic god Dagda, the good god in the sense of the able god (Barry Cunliffe), DhAG DhAG able able ...


(2) via Old Latin dingua 'tongue, language', English tongue and think, Latin dux 'leader' and facere 'make, produce', German taugen 'be fit, able' ...


(3) to German zeugen 'beget' Middle German focken 'copulate' and English ...


Over the years I found many dozens, maybe even one hundred derivatives of DhAG. Abilities must have been of paramount importance for the survival of the human species in the Ice Age. I long gave up compiling the list (but mention Nostratic *tek earth – also the earth might have been seen as an able deity). Now you can take over. By assembling such a list you get a feeling for Magdalenian and might even be rewarded by one or another anthropological insight.


When reading The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins, edition from 1986, the way he describes the genes reminded me of the Greek pantheon. Later on Magdalenian revealed a deep connection: deities are able ones, and genes our inner enablers ... We can then regard religion as an 'extended phenotype'. (Ironically, RD, by fighting religion is fighting his own theory.)


Zeus * was a big lover, genes care about replication, and the third group of derivatives above belongs in the same context.


Or maybe you are more interested in the powerful triple goddess of the fire giver PIR GID and fur giver BIR GID and fertility giver BRI GID ?


* Careful, young readers. The name of Zeus does not derive from DhAG but from TYR for the one who overcomes in the double sense of rule and give, Magdalenian TYR emphatic Middle Helladic Sseyr (Phaistos Disc, Derk Ohlenroth) Doric Sseus (Wilhelm Larfeld) Homeric Zeus. While the genitive Dios does derive from DhAG, also Dis in Dis pater, byname of Jupiter, Zeus of Rome, Romani from REO for the river goddess and MAN for the right hand, Greek Rhea the mother of Zeus, and Latin manus 'hand': they who carry out the will of the goddess with their right hand. ERO as a variant of REO named Eros, once the power that held the world together. DhAG is also present in English daughter Greek thygataer, DhAG TYR, able overcomer. If you happen to be a young man falling under the charm of someone's daughter you may understand. Romantic feelings had once been the tender arms of a cosmic power.




--- young Ferdinand de Saussure and Richard Fester


Young Ferdinand de Saussure, aged sixteen years and eight months, wrote a linguistic paper of forty-two pages (published by David H. Boyd in 1978) wherein he proposed several 'ur-words' in the sense of Richard Fester. Having seen but a small excerpt I can confirm three of them in the light of Magdalenian


     KAL  tout ce qui est creux et resonne bien


Richard Fester proposed KALL with a wide range of meanings including German Hhle 'cave' hohl 'hollow' Hall Schall 'sound'. Magdalenian has KAL for cave, Underworld, accounting for many derivatives.


     KAR  la tte, la force, etc.


Magdalenian offers ARC for the cave bear, wherefrom Greek arktos 'bear; the permutation CRA for power, strength (as of a bear) German Kraft; and the permutation CAR for the head of a cave bear deposited in a cult cave, as emblem of the cave (Marie E.P. Knig), for example in a chamber of the Chauvet cave, with a derivative in Greek kar 'head'.


     TAK  l'art, l'industrie, etc.


Magdalenian has DhAG meaning able, good in the sense of able, the word of the most and most varied derivatives, possibly of an onomatopoeic origin, as it inspires the dry sound of stone hitting stone in the first industry there was, the fabrication of stone tools.


Among the five ur-words Richard Fester proposed is TAG with another wide range of meanings (in brackets my explanations), among them mountain Turkish Daghi Dag, stone in Amerindian, think, teach, say (talk, Old Latin dingua 'tongue, language'), sex (German zeugen 'beget'), Zeug in the sense of woven cloth (Circe weaving her cloth in a cave is weaving the fabric of time and life), Zeug in the sense of Werkzeug 'tool, device', to give orders (and lead) duc (Latin ducere 'lead', Italian Duce French Duc English Duke), God (Greek theos, Latin deus, Sumerian dingir, and the name of the supreme Celtic god Dagda, according to Barry Cunliffe the good god in the sense of the able god, German taugen for being able, emphatic DhAG DhAG able able), and German Tag 'day' (in the sense of the day given to us by the able one, God).


Young Ferdinand had been talked out of his experiment.


If I could find his paper (the book of Boyd) I shall check it for further anticipations of Magdalenian.


(I am very pleased that young Ferdinand de Saussure with TAK, and independently from him Richard Fester with TAG of a wide semantic range, both anticipated Magdalenian DhAG meaning able, good in the sense of able, the word of the most and most varied derivatives, which I consider of anthropological significance. My advantage is that I can look on the work of thousands of brilliant PIE and Nostratic scholars and archaeological marvels like Lascaux (unknown to de Saussure) and Chauvet Cave and the Gbekli Tepe. If they were in my position they'd achieve way more. Brian Greene: "Therein lies the singular beauty of science. As we struggle toward deeper understanding, we must give our creative imagination ample room to explore. We must step outside conventional ideas and and established frameworks."




--- a word on apperception and 'fulguration'


I learned several languages, among them Latin and Ancient Greek, for years, intensively, and studied (on my own) cave art and rock art and mobile art, modern art and Renaissance art and Greek art and Egyptian art and Celtic art, for decades, also early literature, Homer's Odyssey and the Bible.


If you learn a lot, not only from textbooks but also along ideas and experiments of your own, you can acquire what is called apperception, a higher form being 'fulguration' – a deep insight seemingly coming out of nowhere.


Such a moment linked a stunning piece of rock art and word language. Late Klaus Schmidt, excavator of the Gbekli Tepe, showed the big limestone ring from there in his book, saying its meaning is not known. Well, I saw a male head ex negativo, the sky shining through, the face consisting of nothing else than air and light – and this made the spark fly. I thought of Ouranos read as AAR RAA NOS, he of air AAR (poetic German has Aar for eagle, Knig der Lfte, king of the airs (plural) and light RAA (the supreme Egyptian god Ra made his appearance in the solar disc) and a mind NOS of his own (Greek nous 'mind), so the Greek sky god Ouranos would originally have been AAR RAA NOS, he of air AAR and light RAA and a mind NOS of his own, personifying the sky  ouranos.JPG 


Ouranos was the only Greek god who had no temple and no shrine. Instead he had the most glorious natural sanctuary, valleys, hollows between hills and mountains filled with air and light, for example the Val d'Hrens in the western Swiss Alps, leading up to a heavenly throne flanked by shining white snow covered mountains


     AAR RAA NOS     ARANS     Hrens        herens.jpg


Other apperceptions and 'fulgurations' linked cave art and language, again visual language and word language.




--- Arnaud again


AAR RAA NOS DhAG means: the ancient sky god of the Gbekli Tepe, he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS of his own is able DhAG. He had a descendant in the Egyptian Horus falcon whose eyes were moon and sun. A stone tablet from Jerf el-Ahmar, area and era of the Gbekli Tepe, already indicates that the eyes of the old sky god were moon and sun.


In the forests of Middle Europe he would have been worshipped in the guises of a bull and an eagle. German has Aar, Knig der Lfte, eagle, king of the airs (plural). In Switzerland we have the Canton of Aargau, capital Aarau, and the river Aare, filled with water sent as rain by the god. Then we have the Val d'Hrens in the western Alps


     AAR RAA NOS     ARANS     Hrens


and the Canton of Uri, Italian Urano, in the Central Alps, emblem a bull. DhAG was widened to POL DhAG, fortified settlement POL of the able one DhAG, the able ruler governing his Bollwerk 'bulwark' in the name of the god, DhAG Italian duce French duc English duke and -zog in German Herzog, then DhAG theos deus dingir divine ... POL DhAG would account for German wald Gewalt 'power, force, might' Verwalter 'administrator'. In the context of an eagle, his stronghold was on a hill, an acropolis overlooking a wide area, compared to an eyrie, an eagle's nest. We have now


     AAR RAA NOS  POL DhAG     AR N (w)OL D     Arnold  Arnaud


Once again a nodal point in a web of cultural relations, archaeology (Gbekli Tepe) and mythology (sky god) and geography (toponyms) and anthropology (social strata) supporting each other – somehow like a table standing firmly on four legs.




--- answering a question about Damascus and Saytan


(part 1)


Speculative etymology of Damascus: DOM ASh KOS, camp DOM tree ASh heavenly vault KOS, home of fruit trees whose foliage form a canopy, pleasant to walk under. If so, Damascus had been named for a famous orchard. So famous that a delicious plum from there kept a shifted form of the place name in remote Europe, German Zwetsch(k)e Austrian Zwetschge Swiss Zwtschge. The very ancient metropolis may have been a counterpart of the garden Eden, located by the Bible in northern Syria, with Gozan, Haran, and Reseph (2 Kings 19:12). Consider also the Rosa damascena, a fragrant pink rose, and the surname of Damascus as the City of Jasmine. Damascus may have prided itself as New Paradise. The center could have been a royal garden, since ASh for tree is the inverse of ShA meaning ruler. Germanic mythology knows a central tree, the World Ash, Welt-Esche, its roots the Underworld, its crown the sky. Damascus might have had a Tree of Life, a tree from where young Ba'al rose as golden calf in the morning, symbol of the morning sun. Canaanite mythology had Asherah, often represented as a stylized Tree of Life, while the Egyptian sky goddess Nut dwelt in a sycamore, a fig tree. The modern name of the city, ash-Sh:am, refers to Ba'al as Lord of the heavens. And a stele from a nearby Tell, now a suburb of Damascus, from around 1000 BC, shows an Aramaean king holding a tulip. A tulip? Normally a king holds a scepter or a weapon. The tulip must have a meaning, might indicate a garden region.


Turkish Saytan is a loan from Arabic Shaytan, and the Arabic word is considered a loan from Hebrew.


Luke 10:18 in the Bible, Jesus speaking: "I saw Satan falling like lightning from heaven." A flash is followed by thunder, so the deep etymology of Satan may be SA TON, downward SA to make oneself heard TON – he who fell from the sky and caused a thundering noise. If you pronounce SA TON in a theatrical manner you can evoke a flash (sa) and thunder (ton). SA TON might perhaps account for Hebrew 'sa'an 'noise' and Arabic zajjata (velarized t) 'to make noise', also for Arabic shadan (dark first a) 'echo, reverberation'.  A further derivative may be Hebrew sadan 'anvil' – the sledgehammer comes down SA and hits the anvil with a loud noise TON.


TON is present in French tonnre German Donner English thunder, in the names of Wotan / Odin, in German Ton 'sound' and English din, also in Turkish dan for bang!


Satan turned the Tree of Life into the Tree of Death. Lightning can wreck a tree and make it look as a symbol of death (mythology relies on observations of nature). The myth became sad reality in Syria, once a region of blooming and fertile river oases like Mari and Ebla (where the Minoans came from) and DOM ASh KOS t-m-sh-q Dimoshq Damascus.


(part 2)


If there was an older word accounting for Satan Shaytan Saytan, then the ligated compound SA TON, downward SA to make oneself heard TON, naming a flash that comes down SA and makes itself heard TON as thunder. We don't fear lightning very much anymore, but in earlier times it was considered a message from the divine sphere. Derivatives of SA TON may be Hebrew sa'an 'to make noise', Arabic zajjata (velarized t) 'to make noise' and shatan (dark first a) 'echo, reverberation'. A further derivative may be Hebrew sadan 'anvil' – the sledgehammer comes down SA and hits the anvil with a loud noise TON.


The compound would also have named Satan falling down SA from heaven and hitting the Earth with a thundering noise TON – Lucifer had such an impact that he reached the center of the Earth in Dante. 'Satan' is closest to hypothetical SA TON, which is why I agree on the opinion of Korpel & De Moor 2015 who rely on numerous linguists and say that Shaytan is with "no doubt" a loan from Hebrew. Although also the Arabic word could have been derived directly from SA TON – consider the parallel SA zajj(a)- and SA Shay-.


(part 3)


Korpel & De Moor 2015 focus on the devil in the form of Horanu, prominent in Ugarit, where his emblem was the highly poisonous horned viper that lives in water and marshes along sea shores.


Horanu might once have been the antagonist of the Gbekli Tepe sky god AAR RAA NOS, he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS of his own. The sky god was implored for rain with prayers and the rising smoke of sacrificial fires, represented by snakes heading upward. Falling rain rewarding the sacrificial fires was represented by snakes heading downward, and a river by snakes undulating horizontally.


We can imagine a myth from the beginnings of agriculture. Horanu elevated himself above the sky god, even stole his name, was punished, fell from the sky down SA on the Earth with a thundering noise TON, turned into a poisonous snake, and made the sweet water of the primeval sea salty


     AAR RAA NOS  --  Horanu (stolen name)


     friendly snakes  --  poisonous serpent


     water of life  --  venom


     sweet water  --  salt water


     fertile  --  deadly


Horanu might have been a ginn. The ginn had been created from smokeless fire – as if the sacrificial fires developed no smoke that would have carried the prayers for rain up to the sky god. Such a myth would explain why not only Horanu but also SA TON Shaytan was a horned viper.


The friendly snakes of the old sky god allowed irrigation channels (a grid incised on a stone tablet from Jerf el-Ahmar, from the region and era of the Gbekli Tepe culture, is marked as irrigation channels by a snake undulating horizontally). Plantations of cultivated date palms require huge amounts of water (a Sumerian cylinder seal shows Adam and Eve seated under a stylized date palm, so the ominous fruit was originally a date grape).


Over-irrigation deposited minerals, made the soil salty, infertile, barren (current explanation of why Abraham left Ur). Anticipating this, the snake of Eden became the devil and was finally eating dust.


By and by we can piece together a generic myth of the early farming society.


(part 4)


Seth and Horanu were equated in Ugarit. Horus of Egypt would have been a descendant of AAR RAA NOS, he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS of his own whose eyes were moon and sun (as indicated by another stone tablet from Jerf el-Ahmar). The left eye of the Horus falcon was the moon, the right eye was the sun. Seth had once been a falcon too. Apparently he lost his ability of flying, which can be seen as a metaphorical fall from heaven. His crime was that he destroyed the lunar eye of Horus. Wise Thoth healed it by assembling the parts 1/2 and 1/4 and 1/8 and 1/16 and 1/32 and 1/64, or simply '2 '4 '8 '16 '32 '64, and called the restored eye The Whole One. However, the numbers don't really add up to one. Why, then, the whole one? This term refers to one whole lunation or synodic month. Multiply a solar month of 30 days by the Horus eye series '2 '4 '8 '16 '32 '64 and you obtain 29 '2 '32 days, or 29 days 12 hours 45 minutes –not even one minute more than the actual value 29d 12h 44m 2.9s (average from 1989 AD).


The myth of Horus and Seth indicates a belief in a once perfect world, when a year had a dozen solar and lunar months of 30 days each, in all 360 days. But Seth, by attacking Horus, disturbed the primeval cosmic order.


The early farmers tried to understand why the cycles of moon and sun are incommensurable, why nature is capricious (from capra 'goat', the devil had hooves of a goat), why a good year and harvest can be followed by bad ones, in short, how evil came into the world that was imagined to once have been perfect. In the Bible the primeval harmony is present in the garden of Eden.


Goethe: Die Welt ist eine Glocke die einen Sprung hat, sie klappert aber klingt nicht (quoted from the memory), the world is a bell that has a crack, it clatters but does not ring.




--- Czech visoky 'high' again


Sooner or later some people will find the meaningful Magdalenian compounds appealing. Magdalenian is pronounceable, open, allows words and compounds to vary, breathe, and branch.


Even a short word like English eye goes back to a Magdalenian compound, OC CO, with a close derivative in Czech oko 'eye', (right) eye OC attentive mind CO – the ancient ones knew that we don't see with our eyes alone, real seeing involves the mind.


The anthropological dimension is what interests me in Magdalenian, and will draw in others, I hope.


The naive understanding is that we open our eyes and just see what lies before us. Actually we produce what we see with our experience and knowledge (and color it with our feelings – the world can appear fresh, bright and shining when we are in love, gray when we are lovesick).


Optical illusions tell us that we construct what we see, and phonological illusions – for example a new one, the same sound file heard either as 'yanny' or as 'laurel' – tell us that we don't just perceive strings of phonemes – yanny and laurel (pronounced lorel) don't even share a single one of them.


Hearing is a wonderfully complex process, no less complex than seeing.


My formula 'simple yet complex' made me choose the simplest notation, capitals (adopted from Richard Fester) and only two extra signs, the lip lick -: and the smacking L given as ) .


Furthermore, Magdalenian allows to go behind what I call semantic overformings.


All these advantages make Magdalenian an ideal complement of PIE and Nostratic.




--- Nostratic


Allan R. Bomhard concludes his paper on the Proto-Indo-European 'Horse' From a Nostratic Perspective (can be found online) by saying that the Proto-Altaic and Proto-Indo-European word for the horse derives from a Proto-Nostratic verbal root *?ekh- (simplified notation) 'to move quickly, to rage, to be furious, raging, violent, spirited, fiery, wild' ...


In my opinion the (hypothetical) small pony-like horse of the first Indo-European homeland on the middle course of the Amu Dary in Central Asia, tamed in the northern foothills of the Hindukush, was called AS PAC, upward AS horse PAC, and used for transporting loads up a hill or mountain slope, AS PAC Avestan aspa Sanskrit asva 'horse' (emphatic PAC AS AS horse up up for the winged horse Pegasos Pegasus).


While the horse of the Eurasian steppes was named by a phonetically similar but semantically different compound, AC PAS, expanse of land with water AC everywhere (in a plain) PAS – riding this animal you can get everywhere in the Eurasian steppes ... AC PAS Greek hippos Latin equus, the Gallo-Roman horse goddess Epona and the Finnish horse hevonen ...


Now the Altaic and especially Mongolian words for the horse may suggest parallel compounds: AC PAD, land AC activity of feet PAD, land AC walker or padder or pawer PAD, accounting for Proto-Altaic (especially the Mongolian branch) *ek'a (simplified notation) 'to paw, to hit with hooves'. AC DAP, land AC activity of hands DAP, here of the forelegs and -hooves, land AC tapper DAP, accounting for Proto-Tungus *ekte- 'to paw, to hit with hooves (horse) ... AC TYR, land AC to overcome TYR, land AC overcomer TYR, accounting for Mongolian agsur- (Greek gamma) 'to storm, to fly into a rage, to be violent or furious, to be fiery'.


My claim: the origin of the horse named in the Eurasian and Mongolian steppes had been parallel Magdalenian compounds like AC PAS and AC PAD and AC DAP and AC TYR. Hence also Nostratic 'roots' can be polished compounds of an older language.


Recent DNA studies revealed that early farmers from the Near East migrated southward into northeast Africa 10,000 years ago, followed by Iranian farmers 7,000 years ago (David Reich, Who We Are and How We Got Here, Oxford University Press 2018). The region of the Gbekli Tepe would have been an outpost of Late Magdalenian, and it was the region where agriculture was invented – southwest Anatolia and northern Syria. The early farmers who migrated southward would have picked up  African words, and the mlange would have swept back into Mesopotamia. The same would have happened with influences from Asia.


A Nostratic word is something like *bet- divide. It can be derived from PAD for the activity of feet. Imagine a shaman mediating between two litigating farmers.  He walks across their field, stretching out his arms, giving the land on the left hand side to one farmer, the land on the other side to the other farmer, marking the border between the divided land by his steps. Also the word beth for house goes back to PAD – consider how a cat turns around herself before lying down. In like manner we flatten the ground by stomping on it before building a tent or hut or house. Derivations from Magdalenian require phantasy but can also be fun.




--- Stone Age cosmology as possible origin of articles and declensions  (highly concise)


The Divine Hind CER  -: I -:  (pronounce the lip lick  -:  by touching both lips with the tip of the tongue) called life into existence, also moon bulls, thus creating time, lunations or synodic months, periods of 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 ... days. Her main sanctuary was Altamira, where a large and beautiful hind licks the horns of a small bison under her  hind1.JPG


CER -: I -: accounts for *kerdeh- 'herd, series'; the second part  -: I -:  for a call of Celtic herdsmen to their cattle, surviving in the locally famous lyoba call of herdsmen in the Swiss Canton of Fribourg; for German Leben Liebe English life love and Latin libido 'desire'; for Ugaritic dd 'beloved' and Phoenician Dido 'Loved One'; for the female given names Lily and Libby; for the flower lily; for German Laub 'foliage' and Laube 'arbor' indicating arbors made from fir trees in honor of the goddess, while some of the compact rounded bisons painted on the ceiling of Altamira have tails in the form of fir twiglets.


In her emanation of the Hind Woman the goddess was present in the winter constellation of Orion, while the moon bulls waiting to go on their heavenly mission gathered in Aldebaran, alpha Tauri, Taurus from TOR for bull in motion.


A further name of the Divine Hind or Hind Woman was CER CA, hind CER in the sky CA. This name survived in Hera, cow-eyed wife of Zeus. Latin circus 'circle' Late Latin circulare 'go around in circles' Italian cercare French chercher English search might once have referred to the difficult task of finding the slim sickle of the young moon in the vastness of the night sky, along the circle of the ecliptic.


Her husband had been the Divine Stag CER KOS who guarded the exits from the Underworld passed by the moon bull and sun horse. His proud antlers were seen in the constellations we know as Sagittarius and Scorpio. The antlers of a stag branch in a similar way as a Latin quercus 'oak tree', Gaulish erks 'oak forest'. A group of stags can be seen before the white bull of the full moon and the red mare of midsummer morning beside him, rising above the horizon of the ledge in the glorious rotunda of Lascaux. CER also means shaman or shamaness, and so the first stag might be the Divine Stag while the others can be astronomers, watching with open eyes OC and focused mind CO, together OC CO for eye, Czech oqo 'eye'.


Further derivations of the above  -: I -:  became our articles, while the final -OS of CER KOS and -A of CER CA and -O of OC CO might have become the declensions of Nostratic and Proto-Indo-European.


Can there have been a ritual Magdalenian, generator of words and compounds, memorized and conveyed in shamanic formulae, most often double formulae? and a variety of everyday languages with articles and declensions? I care for the former but also encourage others to ponder the possibility of the latter before a background of Stone Age cosmology.




--- Magdalenian song


A few grammatical elements turn Magdalenian from a ritual shamanic language into a practical and functional everyday language. In the spring of 2005 I wrote a fisherman's complaint; a speech of a time traveling teacher asking the parents of a Magdalenian belle for her hand; and on Pentecost 2005 a cheeky assistant of the Holy Ghost helped me retrieve the summer hit from Montignac in 14 385 BC


LET US JOIN THE SUMMER FESTIVAL OF MONTIGNAC, number 1 Magdalenian hit in the summer of 14,385 BC; you hear first a man sing, then a woman reply, then their voices join in the refrain; accompanied by flutes and drums:





       TA'T LAB, MA OC





       TA'T BEL, MA OC





       TA'T BAL, MEL OC


            MAJA VOD MAC-DA'-LUN-AC






       MA'M LAB, MA OC





       MA'M BEL, MA OC





       MA'M BAL, MA OC
















Free translation:



     Do you hear the winter sun-horse?

     You have cold, apple of my eye.


     Do you hear the spring sun-horse?

     You have warm, my darling.


     Do you hear the summer sun-horse?

     You have hot, honey,

     Daughter of a chief of the Moonshine Valley



     I hear the winter sun-horse,

     I have cold, apple of my eye.


     I hear the spring sun-horse,

     I have warm, my darling.


     I hear the summer sun-horse,

     I have hot, my love,

     Noble son of a chief from the land of the warm blue sky



     Let us swim in the deep blue river Vzre,

     And then join the summer festival of Montignac


     Let us swim in the beautiful deep blue river Vzre,

     And then happily join the summer festival of Montignac



PS  A tutoree of mine with a serious dyscalculy but a wonderful singing voice interpreted the song directly from the sheet. Her beautiful clear voice and the ad hoc melodies inspired by the special language rang through the whole building. Marvelous. – Esperanto produced no Beatles and no ABBAs. PIE has but Schleicher's tale, neither a novel nor a songbook. Magdalenian passed the singing test with flying colors.




--- hypothesis and theory


If a hypothesis can be compared to a board, a theory to a piece of furniture, cleverly and carefully assembled from several boards.


Magdalenian has reached the status of a theory that proves its worth and usefulness in an array of hermeneutic interpretations.


More than half a century ago we read large parts of Homer's Odyssey in the original Greek in school. I liked the language, and the dramatic arrival at pleasant Scherie, followed by an idyllic morning. But what is all about?


A first idea came from Eberhard Zangger at the beginning of the 1990s. He recognized the journey to Scherie as a time travel 'avant la lettre' to an early Troy, while regarding the report of the other stories as mere sailor's yarn.


I made the next step, interpreting all those travels as dreams, a long series of dreams that bring Odysseus back to Troy, Troy in disguise and blended with other places and periods of time, beginning with Polyphem, a most famous Cyclops, one-eyed giant, Homeric symbol of Troy, his eye the acropolis overlooking the wide river plain, his body downtown Troy VIIa that provided protected shelter for 5,000 – 10,000 people ...


Magdalenian helped me sort out several problems, for example the Ithaca riddle – there is absolutely no archaeological trace linking the island of that name to Homer. Well, Magdalenian offers ITA CA, young bull ITA sky CA, under the sky of the young Zeus bull, and ATI CA, mature bull ATI sky CA, under the sky of the mature Zeus bull. So Ithaca would originally have been the Peloponnese and especially the Argolis, a name surviving in a relatively small island off the northwestern peninsula, followed by Attica on the Greek mainland.


Once again, I don't make up words as I go along but mined them all in the spring of 2005 and mainly in the spring of 2006 with my four laws of Magdalenian.


A good part of my endeavor is to make things simple, easily understandable for a sympathetic reader. Please don't confound simple with naive and simplistic.




--- briefest possible summary of Homers Odyssey


Odysseus returned home from Troy, sleeps on the shore, and has a long series of dreams that bring him back to – Troy, Troy again, always Troy, Troy in disguise and blended with other places and periods of time. First he encounters the most famous Cyclops Polyphem, his one eye the acropolis of Troy overlooking the wide river plain, his body downtown Troy VIIa that provided protected shelter for 5,000 till 10,000 people The first encounter tells the war from the Achaean perspective. The last journey brings Odysseus to pleasant Scherie, according to Eberhard Zangger an early Troy, and when the hero realizes where he is and what a lovely place he destroyed – or will destroy in the time perspective from the time perspective of the Phaeacians – he cant help weeping.


On the next morning he is ready to take it up with the shameless suitors of his faithful wife Penelope, with those who profit from the land without meeting their obligations. Homer 1 of the Iliad would have worked in the time of the first Messenian war, Homer 2 of the Odyssey in the time of the second Messenian war. Both feared for and were concerned about the coherence of the Greek civilization.




--- dream logic


Dream logic affects a historical report, from generation to generation, slowly transforming realistic reports into colorful stories and finally a myth. This process can be observed in Homer's Odyssey and in the Exodus.


The journeys of Odysseus are dreams that bring him back to Troy, always Troy, Troy in disguise and blended with other places and periods of time, while the Exodus condenses a long series of similar events into one single event, millennia into decades.


Ricardo Mansilla at the Free University of Mexico run a DNA taxonomy program on the Odyssey and discovered that it compiles material of a dozen or even sixteen bards. Over centuries those bards turned the historical events into a legend full of symbols. Two of the journeys resemble each other: the hero encounters a giant, in the first case Polyphem, a Cyclops, his one eye the acropolis overlooking the wide river plain, his body downtown Troy VIIa that provided protected shelter for 5,000 – 10,000 people. The first journey tells the war from the Achaean perspective, whereas the final journey, arrival in pleasant Scherie, is a time travel to an early Troy (Eberhard Zangger), and when the hero recognizes where he is, and what a lovely place he destroyed – or will destroy in the time perspective of the Phaeacians – he can't help weeping.


What I learned from the epic also holds for the Exodus, memories of SAP BIR apiru Hebrews, wandering water finders and water workers employed in Egypt, contracted to one single glorious event.


Also the Trojan war had been a long series of incidents, culminating in the shooting of fire arrows over the 'cyclopic' wall into the acropolis, drastically symbolized by the blinding of Polyphem. And the cause of the Trojan war? Beautiful Helen personifies tin that came from Central Asia and was bound to pass the Dardanelles, where the Trojans laid hands on the precious cargo – abducting Helen, as it were.


The Torah is full of symbols. The great number of Israelites leaving Egypt were many relatively small groups who had the potential of becoming a whole people. Moses was a series of Moses figures, and Aaron a series of Aaron figures. The Egyptian army were soldiers guarding the border over a long time, centuries, millennia, all taken together. And the parting of the Red Sea means the water finders and water workers, the SAP BIR apiru Hebrews, knew passable ways across the swamps, whereas the soldiers on their horse pulled carts sank into the mud. Emmanuel Anati identified the Har Karkom as Mount Sinai, and found numerous sanctuaries around it, from an earlier time, testifying to the Negev as a refuge for different tribes over centuries and millennia.




--- Kadesh Barnea


BIR means fur and named a well as place where fur bags had been filled with water, accounting for Bar- in Kadesh Barnea, and for surrounding wells, Bir Seida, Bir el-Beida, Bir Main, Beer Karkom, Beerot Oded, Borot Loz, Bir Nizana, Beer Horeshe, Beer Hafir, Beer Resisim, Beerotaim (from a map compiled by Emmanuel Anati). 


Kadesh derives from KOD DhAG, tent or hut KOD of the able one DhAG 


     ShA.CA DhAG.CA     JHWH  (rider of clouds) 


     ruler ShA in the sky CA, able one DhAG in the sky CA 


in the given case the tent of JHWH in the desert of Zin which named the place, Kadesh Barnea, and has a cognate in qodesh 'holy'. 


The final -nea in Kadesh Barnea derives from NAI for to find a good place for a camp, and from the permutation NIA, an exclamation of joy: Really, we found a good place for a camp! since we hit on a well (miracle of the well at Kadesh Barnea, commemorated by the 'molten sea' on the Temple Mount of  Jerusalem, and by the precious qodesh bowl from Hazor, in my opinion the most enthralling find made by the team of Yigael Yadin, see his book Excavating Hazor  qodesh.jpg  ). 


SAP means everywhere (in space), here, south and north of me, east and west of me, in all seven places, wherefrom words for seven in many languages. 


BIR SAP named Beersheba in the northern Negev, literally Seven Wells, and inverse SAP BIR named the apiru Hebrews, they who found wells in all seven places, not only in the plain (here, south and north of me, east and west of me), also in the valley below and on the hills above. The mysterious dwellers in the region of Beersheba in the Late Chalcolithic chiseled subterranean galleries into the ground at Safada near Beersheba. 


The SAP BIR would have been wandering water workers, finding wells, digging channels and cisterns, employed also in Lower Egypt. 


Aaron was their leader, his name indicating a worshipper of the old sky god AAR RAA NOS from the Gbekli Tepe, implored for rain by prayers and the smoke of sacrificial fires represented by snakes heading upward, falling rain by snakes heading downward, and rivers by snakes undulating horizontally. 


Aaron's rod turned into a snake, which devoured the snakes of the Egyptian magicians, meaning Aaron surpassed even the water engineers of mighty Egypt. 




--- ark of the covenant, mercy seat, lunar and solar aspect


The ark of the covenant was 2.5 cubits long, 1.5 cubits high, and 1.5 cubits broad. If a cubit had 6 palms or 24 fingerbreadths or simply fingers, we obtain 15 by 9 by 9 palms or 60 by 36 by 36 fingers. And if we assume that the boards were 2 fingers thick, the inner space measured 56 by 32 by 32 fingers, or 14 by 8 by 8 palms, while the diagonal of the volume measured exactly 72 fingers or 18 palms or 3 cubits, and the inner surface exactly 4 by 4 cubits. Pleasing numbers. A chest of such strong boards, nearly four centimeters thick, was destined for keeping more than scrolls, namely stone tablets.


The ancient ones loved complex relations enfolded in simple numbers from where they can be unfolded again.


And the mercy seat placed on the ark of the covenant encoded the tetragram JHWH of the numbers 10 5 6 5 via its proportions


     length 2.5 cubits or 10 units

     wings of one cherub 1.25 cubits or 5 units

     breadth 1.5 cubits or 6 units

     wings of other cherub 1.25 cubits or 5 units


inviting the Lord to come down from the heavens and take place in the holy of holies of his tent at Kadesh Barnea, later of the Solomonic temple on the Mount of Jerusalem.


The sum of the JHWH numbers 10 5 6 5 is 26. A period of 26 days has both a lunar and solar aspect.


Count lunations or synodic months in the 30 29 30 mode. 15 and 17 lunations yield 443 and 502 days respectively. 17 15 17 15 17 or 17 32 49 64 81 lunations yield 502 945 1447 1890 2392 days.


2,392 days for 81 lunations are 92 periods of 26 days.


Count days in years as follows


     365/1  (plus 1461/4)  1826/5  ...  7670/21   9131/25


7,670 days for 21 years are 295 periods of 26 days.


The mistakes are in both cases very small.




--- 'molten sea'


The 'molten sea' on the Temple Mount of Jerusalem – in my opinion a stone basin decorated with brass – vanished long ago, but we have the numbers, and the precious fragments of the qodesh bowl from Hazor whose value has not yet been recognized (more later). Also the ark of the covenant is lost, but again, we have the numbers: 2.5 cubits long, 1.5 cubits high, 1.5 cubits broad. 


 Solomon developed a most ingenious geometric system by combining a pair of cubits, a 'black' cubit measuring 45.9375 cm, and a 'red' cubit measuring  48.125 cm, bc/rc = 21/22. They allow simple formulae for the calculations of the circumference and area of the circle, surface and volume of the sphere, diagonal of the square and height of the equilateral triangle, and a set of cylindrical capacities including the molten sea. Diameter of the molten sea 10 black cubits or ca. 4.59 m, circumference 30 red cubits or ca. 14.44 m, implicit value of pi 22/7. The royal cubit of the New Kingdom of Egypt measured 52.5 cm, the black cubit 7/8 thereof, and the red cubit 11/12 thereof. 


The cubit of 45.9375 cm might already have been used for the ark of the covenant and the mercy seat placed on it in the tent of JHWH at Kadesh Barnea in the desert of Zin. If we divide this cubit into 6 palms or 24 fingerbreadths or simply fingers, we get for the ark of the covenant 15 by 9 by 9 palms or 60 by 36 by 36 fingers. And if we choose boards 2 fingers thick, a little short of four centimeters, the hollow inside the chest measured 56 by 32 by 32 fingers or 14 by 8 by 8 palms, while the diagonal of the hollow volume measured exactly 72 fingers or 18 palms or 3 cubits. A very pleasing mathematical solution! And it can tell us something about the content of the ark of the covenant: such a strong chest was not only keeping scrolls but also stone tablets. 


Ark of the covenant, outer measurements ca. 115 by 69 by 69 cm, inner measurements ca. 107 by 61 by 61 cm.


A finger(breadth) of the New Kingdom of Egypt measured 18.7 mm, the Hebrew one ca. 19.14 mm, a little more, speaking for hard workers engaged in digging water channels and cisterns, in the ambitious Pharaonic building program at Pi Ramesse in Lower Egypt, and in the ore mines of the Sinai. 


Sinai inscription from the second half of the 19th century BC (my translation  from Haarmann / H. Jensen) 


     I am Hatsepshumosh 

     administrator of the ore mines and of the sacred 

     district (of Sinai?) 

     scribe of the statute laborers in the Sinai. 

     They (one) had assumed: look, 

     his soul is desperate, 

     you seized me out of the 

     Nile (?) and 

     I relied on 

     someone who was my enemy.


Among the statute workers in the Sinai could also have been SAP BIR apiru Hebrews, wandering water finders and water workers. 




--- qodesh formula


The JHWH formula* and the q-d-sh algorithm** work also in Phoenician and Arabic, so the correspondence of letters and numbers have been part of the original Semitic alphabet, in my opinion developed in the Negev around the Har Karkom, identified by Emmanuel Anati as Mount Sinai, the Negev a refuge for various people during millennia, maybe forty 'long years' or centuries, Moses a series of Moses figures, Aaron a series of Aaron figures, and the huge number of Israelites who left Egypt relatively small groups of people with a potential of multiplying and becoming a whole people.


Also the Ionian alphabet is based on an idea. The Ionian Greeks dropped their Digamma, Qoppa and Sadhe, close to their Phi, Kappa and Sigma respectively, and thus achieved an alphabet of 24 letters, corresponding to the 24 hours in a midsummer day from sunrise to sunrise. 


* JHWH formula, 10 5 6 5, encoded in the proportions of the mercy seat on the ark of the covenant, unit 1/4 cubit: length 10 units, wings of one cherub 5 units, breath 6 units, wings of other cherub 5 units. 


The sum of the JHWH numbers, 26, allows an excellent lunar calendar: 92 periods of 26 days are 2,392 days and correspond to 81 lunations or synodic months, mistake not even half a minute per lunation. 


Count 15 and 17 lunations in the Stone Age mode 30 29 30 days. 15 lunations yield 443 days. 17 lunations yield 502 days. 17 15 17 15 17 or 17 32 49 64 81 lunations yield 502 945 1447 1890 2392 days. 


Sin in Sinai named the moon god from Haran, perhaps from GEN for the three days of the young moon. 


Jod 10 is the intial letter of JHWH and the number of commandments Moses received on Mount Sinai (Har Karkom). 10 can be arranged as triangle 1 2 3 4, sacred figure of the Pythagoreans. (A funny detail aside, heard on the radio: having encountered God made Moses beam for the rest of his life, even in his tomb, a legend goes. But then a Bible translator misread qaran 'to radiate' as 'qeren 'horn', and so it came that Moses grows horns, most impressively the Moses of Michelangelo.)


** q-d-sh algorithm, the letters q d sh arranged as equilateral triangle  on the rim of the Hazor bowl  qodesh.jpg  ca. 840 BC (excavation Yadin, supported by the Hebrew University), read as letters in clockwise direction yield q-d-sh qodesh 'holy', and read as numbers in counter-clockwise direction yield q 100 sh 300 d 4 and the formula  (q + sh) / 4 = q  --- begin with q 100 and you will always get q 100, begin with any other number, for example k 20, and the iterated algorithm will approach q 100 


     20 + 300 = 320    320 : 4 = 80 

     80 + 300 = 380    380 : 4 = 95 

     95 + 300 = 395    and so on 


The algorithm symbolizes the fluctuation of water: we have little (100), then plenty (300), then little again, and plenty again, so let us make a wise use of what we have, prepare ourselves for times of need, and trust in God ... If the minimum should once drop to a low level (20),  it will return to the normal level (100) owing to the magic of the sacred formula. 


Moreover, the q-d-sh triangle widens the Solomonic geometry centered in the molten sea on the Temple Mount of Jerusalem (in my opinion a stone basin with applied decorations of brass), which commemorated the miracle of the well at Kadesh Barnea in the desert of Zin. And so did the qodesh bowl from Hazor. 


The molten sea is long gone. But we have two fragments of the Hazor bowl.  Take good care of them!




--- fair history of civilization


Imagination is a precious tool of the mind. With imagination we combine the fleeting impressions we get from the senses to a stable and coherent picture of the world. Where are you just now? Maybe in your office? Then you probably can't see your loved ones, but knowing them so well, and the places they frequent, you can almost see them before the inner eye.


Gal de Guichen: Archaeology is not an exact science but a speculative one, a science of imagination.


Archaeological imagination combines isolated fragments of a remote past. My studies in art and early literature are complemented by the study of early mathematics that reveal a phenomenon: the ancient ones encoded complex relations in simple numbers and telling problems from which they can be unfolded again by playing with the numbers.


The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus from Ancient Egypt, ca. 1650 BC, is the copy of a lost scroll from around 1850 BC. Ahmose (the copist) announces all secrets, but then follow dry arithmetical calculations, disappointing scholars.


Where are the promised secrets? On hidden levels! Take for example RMP 32.


Ahmose divides 2 by 1 + 1/3 + 1/4 or simply 1 '3 '4 and obtains 1 '6 '12 '114 '228.


1, apparent level)  Beginners learn how to operate with unit fraction series.


2, hidden level)  Advanced learners are given a more demanding task. Imagine a right parallelepiped measuring 2 by 1 '3 '4 by 1 '6 '12 '114 '228 units. How long is the diagonal of the volume? Impossible to calculate!, exclaim the pupils. Easily done, smiles Ahmose


     1 '3 '4  plus  1 '6 '12 '114 '228


     1 1  plus  '3 '6  plus  '114 '228


     2 '2 '3 '76 units


3, hidden level)  Divide 2 by any number A and you obtain B. Let a right parallelepiped measure 2 by A by B units, and the diagonal will measure exactly A+B units. Use this theorem for calculating rectangular granaries of the inner height 10 royal cubits or 2 units, and the capacity 500 cubic cubits ...


Play with the numbers of the RMP and free yourself from the dogma of the Greek invention of real mathematics. Imagination will overcome the cultural bias, obstacle on the way to a fair history of civilization, which is the sine qua non of a prospering global society.




--- mother of all life


Richard Fester proposed five ur-words, among them AC or ACQ in reference to the many village names ending on -ac and -acq in the Guyenne, indicating places with water.


AC for an expanse of land with water became my first Magdalenian word. Inverse CA may then mean heaven, Old Latin caelum 'sky', combining CA and LIC for light and luck, Italian lux lumen 'light', English light and luck, telling us how much they loved light in those times of pitch black moonless nights.


AC and CA deciphered a Gbekli Tepe hieroglyph, the lying H, two longer horizontal bars representing the earth (lower bar) and sky (upper bar), and the short vertical bar exchanges between them – prayers for rain and the rising smoke of sacrificial fires imploring rain (symbolized by snakes heading upward) and falling rain rewarding them (snakes heading downward) filling river beds and irrigation channels (snakes undulating horizontally).


AC CA as a deity personified the Gbekli Tepe as mythological place where earth and sky are meeting, or where they had been separated from each other in the beginning, accounting for the Indo-European earth goddess akka (a stammered name according to Julius Pokorny, a meaningful name in the light of Magdalenian), for Hebrew Hawwa 'mother of all life' English Eve, for the Egyptian earth god Aker, for German Acker 'field', for the English field measure acre, and inverse CA AC for the Greek earth goddess Gaia. AC CA is also present in Latin aqua 'water' – once 'obtained' via ceremonial exchanges between earth and sky.


Not very difficult if you got a sense for visual language.


Brian Greene: "Therein lies the singular beauty of science. As we struggle toward deeper understanding, we must give our creative imagination ample room to explore. We must step outside conventional ideas and established frameworks."